Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/11681/39105
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dc.contributor.authorMcCammon, Travis L.-
dc.contributor.authorDilks, Christopher L.-
dc.contributor.authorSavoie, Martin J.-
dc.contributor.authorConstruction Engineering Research Laboratory (U.S.)-
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-09T23:26:18Z-
dc.date.available2020-12-09T23:26:18Z-
dc.date.issued1995-09-
dc.identifier.govdocUSACERL Technical Report 95/01-
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/11681/39105-
dc.descriptionTechnical Reporten_US
dc.description.abstractRelatively poor performance at the aging central heating plants (CHPs) and planned changes in steam demand at Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG) Edgewood Area, Aberdeen, MD warranted an investigation of alternatives for providing thermal energy to the installation. This study: (1) evaluated the condition of the APG CHPs and heat distribution system, (2) identified thermal energy supply problems and cost-effective technologies to maintain APG's capability to produce and distribute the needed thermal energy, and (3) recommended renovation and modernization projects for the system. Heating loads were analyzed using computer simulations, and life cycle costs were developed for each alternative. Recommended alternatives included upgrading the existing system, installing new boilers, consolidating the central heating plants, and introducing the use of absorption chilling. energy efficient central heating plantsen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was conducted for the Aberdeen Proving Ground under Military Interdepartmental Purchase Request (MIPR) No. 93-10.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontentsSF 298 ............................................................ 1 Foreword ................ . .... . ... . ..................... . ....... . .. 2 List of Figures and Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Approach ...................................................... 9 Metric Conversion Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 O 2 Existing Steam Supply Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Central Heating Plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Steam Distribution System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3 Thermal Energy Supply and Consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Central Heating Plant Steam Load ....... . ........................... 19 Steam End-Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 SHOP Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Heating Load vs HDD Model ............................ . .......... 24 4 Electrical Power Consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Electrical Costs ................................................. 38 Development of a Cooling Degree Day Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Projected Energy Consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 5 Air Quality Regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Federal Regulatory Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 State and Local Regulatory Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Effect on Alternatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 6 Study Alternatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 7 Alternative 1 - Status Quo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Alternative 2 - Connect E4000 Area to WEP ............................ 48 Alternative 3 - Closing the Steam Loop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Alternative 4 - Absorption Chiller Plant 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Alternative 5 - Absorption Chiller Plant 2 .............................. 51 Alternative 6 - Consolidate Central Heating Plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Alternative 7 - Fix Steam and Condensate Leaks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 7 USACERL TR 95/01 Ahernatlve Description and Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Alternative 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Alternative 4 Option 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Alternative 6 Option 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 8 Conclusions and Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 4 Appendix A: Building Heatloads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A 1 Appendix B: SHOP Models and Results .................. ... ..... .. ..... 81 Appendix C: Cooling Equipment at Buildings E3081, E3100, E3510, and E3516 .... C1 Appendix D: Life Cycle Cost Analyses ................................... D1 Appendix E: Aberdeen Proving Ground Heating and Cooling Degree Days ........ E1 Distribution-
dc.format.extent210 pages / 65.85 MB-
dc.format.mediumPDF/A-
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherConstruction Engineering Research Laboratories (U.S.)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesTechnical Report (Construction Engineering Research Laboratories (U.S.));95/01-
dc.rightsApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited-
dc.sourceThe ERDC Library created this digital resource using one or more of the following: Zeta TS-0995, Zeutcehl OS 12000, HP HD Pro 42-in. map scanner, Epson flatbed-
dc.subjectHeating from central stations--Maryland--Aberdeen Proving Grounden_US
dc.subjectMilitary bases--Maryland--Aberdeen Proving Grounden_US
dc.subjectAberdeen Proving Ground (Md.)en_US
dc.titleThermal Energy Supply Optimization for Edgewood Area, U.S. Army Aberdeen Proving Ground : Energy Supply Alternativesen_US
dc.typeReport-
Appears in Collections:Technical Report

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