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Title: Changes in hydrology and suspended-sediment transport in the Mississippi River Basin over the past century
Authors: Simon, Andrew.
Artita, Kimberly.
Simon, Gail.
Darby, Stephen E.
Leyland, Julian.
Keywords: Hydrology
Mississippi River
Mississippi River Watershed
Sediment transport
Suspended sediments
Publisher: United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. Lower Mississippi Valley Division.
United States. Mississippi River Commission.
Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: MRG&P Report (Mississippi River Geomorphology and Potamology Program (U.S.)) ; no. MRG&P Report No. 34
Abstract: Since about 1900, widespread changes in hydrology across the Mississippi River Basin have occurred, resulting in important changes in the delivery of water and sediment to the Lower Mississippi River (LMR). This is due to a combination of natural and anthropogenic factors. There have been increases in annual precipitation and 1- to 7-day totals over large parts of the basin. Changes in seasonal distributions were also identified, as were increases in hurricane-related rainfall. Streamflow to the LMR has increased significantly over the past 100 years. Median water yields have increased across most of the mid-continent and decreased in the western-most parts of the Missouri and Arkansas River basins. Suspended-sediment loads to the LMR have dramatically declined. The Lower Mississippi River is receiving about 500 million tonnes per year less suspended sediment today than in the 1940s (616 Mt/y to 98 Mt/y). Human impacts on hydrology and sediment transport throughout the basin are important. In the mid-continent, water yield per unit precipitation showed increases, but markedly decreased in the western parts of the basin. Decreases can be attributed to the construction of thousands of dams, associated flow regulation, withdrawals for agriculture, and to a lesser extent, the increased evaporation behind impoundments.
Description: MRG&P Report
Gov't Doc #: MRG&P Report No. 34
Rights: Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited
Size: 297 pages / 70.12 MB
Types of Materials: PDF
Appears in Collections:MRG&P Report

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