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Title: Reduced smoke propellant binder residue as a fuel source : feedstock processing technology
Authors: Miks, Kathryn F.
Scholze, R. J. (Richard J.)
Keywords: Propellants--Environmental aspects
Military bases
Hazardous wastes
Publisher: Construction Engineering Research Laboratories (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Technical Report (Construction Engineering Research Laboratories (U.S.)) ; no. TR 97/32
Abstract: With an estimated 8.8 million lb of reduced smoke propellant targeted for demilitarization, recovery and beneficial reuse of propellant ingredients would reduce or minimize the quantity of waste requiring disposal. Recycling of ammonium perchlorate (AP), the primary propellant ingredient, has been established. Reuse of the AP-depleted binder residue has been studied on a limited basis; however, only aluminized Class 1.3 propellants have been evaluated. This study identifies and evaluates alternate uses of Class 1.3 reduced smoke (nonaluminized) propellant binder residue, with a focus on use as a fuel or fuel supplement. Researchers characterized HARM, Maverick, and Sidewinder propellants by analytical, physical, and safety evaluations. A survey of combustion processes was also performed to determine reuse markets for binder residue. Preliminary data indicate that both the HARM and Maverick propellant binder residues are suitable for use as a low-grade fuel, and market research identified three combustion reuse options. All the applications require a very high volume of fuel at a low price. Combustion emissions may be an environmental concern depending on how the residue is integrated into the system. This report refines and evaluates the alternate uses identified in a related technical report (Miks and Scholze, USACERL TR-97/30).
Description: Technical Report
Gov't Doc #: TR 97/32
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