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Title: A review of coastal vulnerability assessments : definitions, components, and variables
Authors: VanZomeren, Christine M.
Acevedo-Mackey, Damarys.
Keywords: Coastal zone management
Coastal engineering
Climatic changes
Sea level
Publisher: Environmental Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Special Report (Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)) ; no. ERDC/EL SR-19-5
Abstract: Coastal zones are dynamic environmental systems providing an interface between land and sea. Coastal zones are also dynamic socioeconomic systems that support concentrated populations and critical infrastructure. Coastal features provide an array of ecological services including wildlife habitat, carbon sequestration, water filtration, erosion protection, and storm/flood protection. Provision of these services is dependent upon the resiliency of these vulnerable coastal environments to climate change, and changes in sea level and storm frequency/intensity. This report summarizes coastal vulnerability assessments based on peer-reviewed journal articles and published reports. Topics addressed include (1) an introduction to coastal vulnerability, (2) factors contributing to coastal vulnerability, (3) a review and synthesis of coastal vulnerability assessment methods, and (4) knowledge gaps and opportunities for additional research. The variables most commonly used for vulnerability assessments are reduced to 13 variables that apply across geologic, physical, and socioeconomic processes. Approaches for developing a coastal vulnerability assessment are reviewed, and an approach based on a calculation of the square root of the product mean of variable(s) of interest is the most commonly used assessment technique. Socioeconomic vulnerability is recognized as a critical component of vulnerability assessments that is often excluded because of inherent difficulties in data collection.
Description: Special Report
Gov't Doc #: ERDC/EL SR-19-5
Rights: Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited
Size: 45 pages / 1.344 Mb
Types of Materials: PDF
Appears in Collections:Special Report

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