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Title: Multiaxial fatigue strength of structural bolts under combined cyclic axial and shear demands
Authors: Riveros, Guillermo A.
Mahmoud, Hussam.
Lopez, Santiago R.
Keywords: Hydraulic structures
Hydraulic gates
Bolts and nuts
Bolted joints
Axial loads
Shear (Mechanics)
Failure analysis (Engineering)
Publisher: Information Technology Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Technical Report (Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)) ; no. ERDC/ITL TR-19-4
Abstract: High-strength bolts are used extensively in structures and are regarded as the better option for connections subjected to fatigue when compared to welds and rivets. Studies have shown the superior resistance of high-strength bolts to fatigue and conclude that it should not be an issue when a bolt is properly pre-tensioned. Nevertheless, a recent application of properly pre-tensioned bolts subjected to shear stress reversals shows extensive fatigue cracking and total severing of up to 50% of the bolts in the connections. Sufficient evidence, based on experimental testing and field observations, exist to suggest the possibility of fully pre-tensioned bolts coming loose due to shear stress reversals. The problem of transverse vibrational loosening of bolts has been extensively researched as well as the issue of bolt fatigue. Only recently have they been considered together although no studies of this interaction have been conducted on high-strength bolts. Certain mechanisms mark the onset of bolt loosening and fatigue when bolts are subjected to cyclic shear or shear combined with tension. In this study, causes of bolt loosening and fatigue failure of bolted connections are explored. Specifically, the study pertains to structural bolts that are subjected to cyclic loads in multiple directions with shear reversals, which are typical of miter gate-to-pintle socket connections.
Description: Technical Report
Gov't Doc #: ERDC/ITL TR-19-4
Rights: Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited
Size: 77 pages / 5.329 Mb
Types of Materials: PDF
Appears in Collections:Technical Report

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