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Title: Analytical Study of Ground-Surface Shielding Characteristics of Selected Road Terrains. Volume 1, Development of Shielding Model and Analyses of Results
Authors: West, Harold W.
Doiron, Phillip L.
Parks, Judith A.
Mobility and Environmental Systems Laboratory (U.S.)
Keywords: Defensive (Military science)--Mathematical models
Offensive (Military science)--Mathematical models
Siege warfare--Mathematical models
Shooting, Military--Mathematical models
Publisher: U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station
Series/Report no.: Technical Report (U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station);no. M-74-4
Abstract: The mathematical model presented herein allows the user to determine the amount of shielding from munition bursts offered by the ground surface to targets (vehicles, personnel, etc.) on and moving along roads or in cross-country terrains. In the shielding model it is assumed that fragments and projectiles travel in straight-line trajectories; therefore, the amount of shielding offered by the ground surface to a target is calculated along the optical paths between the burst point and selected points on the target. The shielding values given by the model are maximum values. Shielding characteristics in terms or probability of shielding for a point(s) on a target, or in terms of average shielding for a one-dimensional target of a specified height, can be obtained. The model variables include target height, number of target height intervals, locations of five target positions, elevations of six munition height of bursts (HOB), and eight horizontal target-to-HOB ranges. Shielding results are provided for six road sites near Vicksburg, Miss., selected to be representative of a wide range of road configurations known to occur in various geographical regions. The ground-surface shielding results obtained for the six road sites show that shielding of a one-dimension a vertical target is significantly affected by both distance (or range) and burst height, and that shielding does not change appreciably for the different target positions that were evaluated along the center line of the road. However, since five target locations were in relatively uniform areas, it is believed that target location would have a significant effect on shielding on those roads that contain closely spaced cuts and fills or the six sites for which shielding calculations were made, site 6 contained the greatest amount of shielding; this amount increased with increasing range and decreased only slightly with increasing burst height. At sites l through 5, the shielding of the target varied between 0 and 25 percent for the different ranges and burst heights equal to and greater than 100 cm. For a burst height of 0 cm (i.e. ground burst), the shielding of the target varied between 10 and 55 percent for the different ranges. Appendix A describes the general procedures used in the acquisition and recording of on-site three-dimensional topographic data and presents the topographic dAta that were collected at the six road sites. Appendix B describes the interpolation procedure used in determining a fine grid of equally spaced discrete elevation (i.e. 2-m grid points) from a set of randomly located (field measured) elevation points. Appendix C presents examples of the tabular output of the shielding model. Volume II (published in limited quantity) contains the total tabular output of the shielding model.
Description: Technical Report
Gov't Doc #: Technical Report M-74-4 Volume 1
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited
Size: 208 pgs / 8.854Mb
Types of Materials: PDF/A
Appears in Collections:Technical Report

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