Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/11681/31127
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dc.contributor.authorZeidler, James A., 1949--
dc.contributor.authorConstruction Engineering Research Laboratory (U.S.)-
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-31T17:10:08Z-
dc.date.available2018-12-31T17:10:08Z-
dc.date.issued1995-12-
dc.identifier.govdocUSACERL Special Report 96/40, Vol 1-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11681/31127-
dc.descriptionSpecial Reporten_US
dc.description.abstractCurrent historic preservation legislation requires that Federal agencies inspect their landholdings to identify historic and prehistoric archaeological resources, evaluate these resources to determine their significance, and protect important archaeological resources. To minimize the effects of variable regional conditions and certain methodological biases, Department of Defense (DoD) land managers need some measure of standardization and comparability in the inventory survey procedures and data collection techniques so the degree of survey coverage on different installations can be objectively assessed. In light of this challenge, the purposes of this study arc to ( 1) establish standard definitions and procedures for conducting intensive inventory survey of archaeological sites, and (2) recommend contracting and cost-estimation guidelines to be used for proposing, budgeting, and scheduling archaeological inventory surveys. The overall goal is to provide quantifiable and statistically defensible methods for conducting inventory surveys on DoD lands by focusing greater attention on the issues of site definition, survey intensity, and the use of appropriate site discovery procedures for given land surface conditions and for given kinds of archaeological resources. Finally, the related issues of contracting and cost estimation are explored as a means of facilitating the planning and execution of archaeological inventory surveys.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was conducted for Headquarters, Department of the Army, Environmental Programs Directorate under the Legacy Resource Management Program as part of Legacy Demonstration Project #302, titled "Archaeological Inventory Survey Standards and Cost-estimating System for the Department of Defense."en_US
dc.description.tableofcontentsSF 298 ............................................................ 1 Legacy Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Executive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 List of Figures and Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . 19 Objectives ......... -. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Scope of Problem: Discovery Procedures and Units of Analysis .............. 25 Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Technical Terminology ............................................ 35 2 Site Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Sites and Nonsites: Regional Definitions of Archaeological Distributions ........ 38 Regional Trends in Site Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Some Consequences of Variable Site Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Establishing Minimal Criteria for Site Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Management Implications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . 56 3 Regional Archaeological Survey and Site Discovery Procedures . . . . . . . . . . 60 Survey Intensity and Site Discovery Probabilities . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • 60 Regional Trends in Archaeological Survey Design . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . 65 Defining Site Constituents and lntrasite Spatial Structure . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Site Discovery in the Eastern Woodlands and the Desert West . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 4 Survey Effectiveness and Bias Assessment .................... . . . . . . 88 Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . 88 Calculating Discovery Probabilities ......... · ...............•.......... 90 Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 Management Implications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 Contracting and Cost-estimation Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 The Contracting Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 Cost Estimation for Pedestrian Survey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 Cost Estimation for Shallow Subsurface Testing (SST) Survey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 Cost Estimation for Deep Subsurface Testing (DST) Survey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 Cost Estimation for Post-Field Analysis and Report-Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 Management Implications ........................................ 144 6 Summary and Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 7 Summary ............................................· . ........ 147 Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 Appendix A: Site Definitions from Regional Archaeological Literature in the Continental United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 Appendix B: Statement-of-Work Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181 Distribution-
dc.format.extent218 pages / 15.94Mb-
dc.format.mediumPDF/A-
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherConstruction Engineering Research Laboratories (U.S.)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesSpecial Report (Construction Engineering Research Laboratories (U.S.));no. 86/40 Vol 1-
dc.rightsApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited-
dc.sourceThe ERDC Library created this digital resource using one or more of the following: Zeta TS-0995, Zeutcehl OS 12000, HP HD Pro 42-in. map scanner, Epson flatbed-
dc.subjectArchaeological surveying--Standardsen_US
dc.subjectArchaeological surveying--Estimatesen_US
dc.titleArchaeological Inventory Survey Standards and Cost-Estimation Guidelines for the Department of Defense. Volume 1, Main Texten_US
dc.typeReport-
Appears in Collections:Report

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