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Title: A photogrammetric method for obtaining soil density
Authors: Berney, Ernest S.
Ganesh, Naveen B.
Pratt, Thad C.
Keywords: Soil
Sand cone
Field measurement
Soil moisture--Measurement--Instruments
Image processing
Publisher: Geotechnical and Structures Laboratory (U.S.)
Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Technical Report (Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)) ; ERDC TR-18-6
Abstract: There is a need for a simple, accurate soil density measurement system that does not require extensive calibration or significant health and safety measures for compaction quality control. This research describes the invention of a photogrammetric technique for obtaining the volume of an excavated hole in soil. This procedure requires a series of 8 to 16 digital photographs with a standard digital camera around the perimeter of an excavated hole with a reference scale in the scene. Algorithms convert the digital photographs into a colorized three-dimensional point cloud, which is automatically rotated into a plan view and displayed via the Matlab graphical user interface. Once the reference scale dimensions are input, the volume of the hole is calculated via a user selected ground plane. Once the mass of the excavated soil is input, the wet density of the soil is calculated by dividing by the volume of the hole. This procedure has been validated against both the nuclear density gauge and the sand cone apparatus and found to be equivalent in accuracy to both. This procedure enables soil density determination within 15 min with no replacement material, no specific excavated hole dimension, and no safety or health risks.
Description: Technical Report
Gov't Doc #: ERDC TR-18-6
Rights: Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited
Size: 85 pages/29.20 Mb
Types of Materials: PDF/A
Appears in Collections:Technical Report

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