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|Title:||Melting ice with air bubblers|
|Authors:||Carey, Kevin L.|
|Publisher:||Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)|
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
|Series/Report no.:||Cold regions technical digest ; no. 83-1.|
From the Introduction: Air bubblers have been used to melt floating ice for a long time, the first installation having been made over 65 years ago. While many installations have been very successful, the systems have been designed largely on a hit-or-miss basis. This is because until recently there had been no detailed engineering analysis of air bubbler operation or the conditions under which a bubbler succeeds or fails. In the last ten years, however, interest in winter navigation has resulted in much research into ways of suppressing ice. We now have a clearer understanding of air bubbler systems and how they can operate successfully. What follows relies largely on a report by Ashton (1974), which should be consulted, along with two others (1978 and 1979), for a much more thorough discussion.
|Appears in Collections:||Cold Regions Technical Digest|