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Title: Automotive batteries at low temperatures
Authors: Diemand, D. (Deborah)
Keywords: Vehicles
Automotive batteries
Automobile batteries
Construction equipment
Cold weather conditions
Low temperatures
Low temperature effects
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Cold regions technical digest ; 91-4.
Description: Cold Regions Technical Digest
Introduction: Batteries are one of the most common sources of problems for equipment operators in cold regions. Some failures, such as frozen electrolyte, are unique to cold areas, while others, such as vibration damage, are also experienced in temperate conditions but are intensified at extremely low temperatures. Twelve-volt lead-acid batteries are almost universally used for electrical storage in automotive and construction vehicles in all areas. They are relatively inexpensive and widely available in innumerable sizes and configurations. However, their performance depends strongly on temperature. This digest will therefore deal primarily with this type of battery. Nickel-cadmium batteries are used in aircraft and in certain military applications. They have excellent low-temperature, high-discharge properties and will be briefly discussed later. Lithium batteries are probably the best low temperature performers, but since most cannot be recharged, and all are very costly and hard to dispose of, they will not be dealt with here.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Technical Digest

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