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Title: Automotive and construction equipment for Arctic use : heating and cold starting
Authors: Diemand, D. (Deborah)
Keywords: Construction equipment
Motor fuel
Diesel fuel
Low temperature
Low temperature effects
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Cold regions technical digest ; 91-3.
Description: Cold Regions Technical Digest
From the Introduction: Low-temperature problems with automotive equipment begin to appear at about 0°C. Lubricants thicken, batteries lose power, and water in the fuel, oil or other fluids begins to cause problems. Diesel engines that have not been winterized become difficult to start, and they may not start at all at temperatures below -10°C. Gasoline engines start more reliably in the cold, but they suffer the same problems with regard to lubricants and batteries. The solution to these problems is heat. The amount of heat required and the means of applying it cannot be determined simply, as this will depend on the ambient temperature, wind speed, engine size and type, and degree of winterization of the engine.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Technical Digest

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