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dc.contributorUnited States. Minerals Management Service.-
dc.contributorInstitute of Marine Research (Finland)-
dc.contributor.authorMakkonen, Lasse.-
dc.descriptionCRREL Monograph-
dc.descriptionAbstract: Atmospheric icing (icing due to fog, precipitation and water vapor in air) as a physical process and the problems it causes for ships and stationary offshore structures are reviewed. Estimation of the probability and severity of atmospheric icing based on climatological and geographical factors is discussed, and theoretical methods for calculating the intensity of atmospheric icing at sea are suggested. Existing data on the dependence of the atmospheric icing rate and the properties of the accreted ice on the meteorological conditions are analyzed. The methods of measuring the icing rate and ice prevention methods are discussed.-
dc.publisherCold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)-
dc.publisherEngineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)-
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCRREL monograph ; 84-2.-
dc.rightsApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.-
dc.sourceThis Digital Resource was created from scans of the Print Resource-
dc.subjectAtmospheric icing-
dc.subjectIce accretion-
dc.subjectIce prevention-
dc.subjectIce control-
dc.subjectOffshore environment-
dc.subjectSea structures-
dc.titleAtmospheric icing on sea structures-
Appears in Collections:Monograph

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