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Title: Atmospheric icing on sea structures
Authors: United States. Minerals Management Service.
Institute of Marine Research (Finland)
Makkonen, Lasse.
Keywords: Atmospheric icing
Ice accretion
Ice prevention
Ice control
Offshore environment
Sea structures
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: CRREL monograph ; 84-2.
Description: CRREL Monograph
Abstract: Atmospheric icing (icing due to fog, precipitation and water vapor in air) as a physical process and the problems it causes for ships and stationary offshore structures are reviewed. Estimation of the probability and severity of atmospheric icing based on climatological and geographical factors is discussed, and theoretical methods for calculating the intensity of atmospheric icing at sea are suggested. Existing data on the dependence of the atmospheric icing rate and the properties of the accreted ice on the meteorological conditions are analyzed. The methods of measuring the icing rate and ice prevention methods are discussed.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Monograph

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