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Title: Military hydrology : Report 2, Formulation of a long-range concept for streamflow prediction capability
Authors: James, Wesley P.
Keywords: Flood forecasting
Stream measurements
Military hydrology
Publisher: Environmental Laboratory (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Miscellaneous Paper;EL-79-6 Report 2
Abstract: Abstract: The army that has the capability of predicting streamflows throughout the battlefield area some several hours in advance should have a tactical advantage on both offense and defense. Continuous simulation of all the streams in the area would be desirable. Time, data, and manpower constraints may limit the hydrologic procedures utilized by the military hydrologist and continuous simulation of the streamflow may not be possible. This report reviews alternate procedures for predicting streamflows and presents a long-range concept for streamflow prediction capability. The following conclusions were developed during this study: a. Alternate streamflow forecasting procedures should be developed to meet the long-range hydrologic needs of the military. b. The hydrologic cycle is very complex and shortcut methods of forecasting streamflows can result in considerable error if the limitations of the procedure are exceeded. c. Peak flow flood formulas will have limited application to military hydrology. d. A long-term effort should be devoted towards the development of a worldwide hydrologic data base. e. An effort should be devoted to relating stream discharge and stage frequency to basin and channel parameters for various regions of the world. f. Long-term development of hydrologic technology should not be restricted to present computer capabilities but should be based on a reasonable estimate of future capabilities of computer facilities available to the military hydrologist. g. Long-term development of hydrologic technology should be compatible with other long-range plans of the Army. h. New hydrologic technology should be designed to fully utilize the future remote sensing capability of the military. i. Event simulation models can provide streamflow prediction capability for watersheds having insufficient data for continuous simulation models. j. Long-term efforts should be directed towards developing a continuous streamflow simulation model compatible with military constraints and requirements. k. The military hydrologist must be trained to utilize the advanced technology.
Appears in Collections:Miscellaneous Paper

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