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Title: Erosion control and habitat development with smooth cordgrass on the Gulf and Atlantic coasts
Authors: Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
Keywords: Rehabilitation
Shore protection
Coastal salt marshes
Erosion control
Publisher: Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Coastal engineering technical note ; CETN-V-2.
Description: Technical note
Introduction: In recent years there has been increased interest in the establishment or rehabilitation of coastal salt marshes. Plantings are generally made for the purpose of shore protection, dredged material stabilization or habitat development. On the Gulf and Atlantic coasts the dominant, emergent plant of the regularly flooded portion of the intertidal zone is smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) (Fig. 1). Much attention has been focused upon the planting of this species. In general, this plant can be grown successfully in a wide variety of intertidal environments. The principle obstacle to the establishment of smooth cordgrass is wave stress. In intertidal environments that are sheltered from waves, invasion and establishment will occur naturally in two to three years without planting if the site is adjacent to existing marshes. In areas subject to wave stress, however, invasion may be slow and protracted or may not occur at all even when natural marshes are nearby.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Technical Note - Section V Coastal Ecology

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