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Title: Unit hydrograph peaking analysis for Goose Creek Watershed in Virginia : a case study
Authors: Pradhan, Nawa Raj.
Loney, Drew A.
Keywords: Floods
Flood control
Hydrologic models
Precipitation (Meteorology)
Unit hydrograph
Publisher: Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Technical Report (Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)) ; no. ERDC/CHL TR-17-6
Abstract: Existing U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) policy suggests unit hydrograph peaking factor (UHPF), the ratio of an observed event unit hydrograph peak to the modeled one for a catchment, ranges between 1.25 and 1.50 to ensure dam safety. It is pertinent to investigate the impact of extreme flood events on the validity of this range through physically based rainfall-runoff models not available during the planning and design of most USACE dams. The UHPF range was analyzed by deploying the Gridded Surface Subsurface Hydrologic Analysis model in the Goose Creek, VA, watershed to develop a peaking factor relationship with excess rainfall for National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration rainfall depths across various return-period events as well as the National Weather Service probable maximum precipitation event. The effect of statistical uncertainty on UHPF at Goose Creek was determined by applying the 5% and 95% confidence interval precipitation depths to the watershed in addition to the 50% value. This study concluded that a design event with a return period greater than 5-year is required for the unit hydrograph to ensure dam safety. Goose Creek unit hydrograph was designed from 25-year return period rainfall and therefore ensures dam safety given the current UHPF guidance.
Description: Technical Report
Gov't Doc #: ERDC/CHL TR-17-6
Rights: Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited
Appears in Collections:Technical Report

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