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dc.contributor.authorHartfield, Paul D.-
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Jennifer G.-
dc.contributor.authorFischer, Richard A. (Richard Alvin), 1964--
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The Endangered Species Act (ESA) of 1973, as amended, was designed to protect and conserve critically imperiled species and the ecosystems on which they rely. While this legislation provides significant protection to imperiled species, some argue the greatest short-coming of the ESA has been the lack of recovery of listed species. Threatened and endangered species (TES) have substantial impacts on the missions of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), particularly through add-on project costs and reductions in operational flexibility (e.g., navigation and dredging operations). USACE annually expends $200-$300 million to comply with ESA regulations (TES Costs Database; Apart from resource constraints, perhaps the major contributor to a lack of recovered species has been missed opportunities by federal action agencies and resource agencies to utilize their responsibilities under the ESA to “conserve” TES. The purpose of this document is to provide basic guidance for USACE Divisions and Districts to develop and initiate conservation programs, as required under Section 7(a)(1) of the ESA, for federally listed and “at-risk” species affected by, or that might be benefited by their actions.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipDredging Operations Technical Support Program (U.S.) U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.en_US
dc.publisherEnvironmental Laboratory (U.S.)en_US
dc.publisherEngineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesERDC TN-DOER ; E40-
dc.subjectEndangered speciesen_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental protectionen_US
dc.titleThe role of interagency cooperation in the conservation of threatened and endangered speciesen_US
dc.typeTechnical Reporten_US
Appears in Collections:Technical Note

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