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|Title:||Military examples of coastal engineering|
|Authors:||University of California. Berkley. Civil and Environmental Engineering Department.|
Wiegel, Robert L.
Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory (U.S.)
Beach landing craft
|Publisher:||Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory (U.S.)|
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
|Series/Report no.:||Miscellaneous paper (Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)) ; CHL-99-3.|
ABSTRACT: Coastal engineering is required for military ports and harbors and across-the-beach amphibious operations. Examples are given for operations during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam Conflict, one very large (Normandy, France), and some small. Examples are provided to illustrate that no two beach operations are ever the same and that the effects of nature (storms and swell even in the absence of local storms) are often as important or even more important than enemy action. Both functional and structural design for planning and operations are needed. Past military operations have required coastal data and the development of coastal science and engineering in subject areas such as tidal/current analysis, wave/surf forecasting, surf characteristic estimation (including breaker type), surf effects on amphibious craft, beach characteristic estimation(onshore and nearshore profile, sediments), wave runup and backwash on beaches, littoral current estimation (including alongshore and rip currents), processes at harbor entrances, beach trafficability, wave diffraction at breakwaters, and wave-induced forces. Some of this is described in context with operational needs. The need for reliable coastal intelligence information is emphasized. Thirty-six illustrations and 68 references are given.
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