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Title: Waves, currents, and sediment transport in the surf zone along long, straight beaches
Authors: Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Civil Engineering
Tajima, Yoshinobu, 1940-
Madsen, Ole Secher
Keywords: Bed load transport
Longshore currents
Longshore sediment transport
Near-shore current modeling
Near-shore hydrodynamics
Numerical model
Sediment transport
Suspended load transport
Wave modeling
Publisher: Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: ERDC/CHL CR ; 05-1.
Description: Contractor report
ABSTRACT: This study presents a theoretical model for predictions of nearshore hydrodynamic characteristics and the local sediment transport rate along long, straight beaches. The wave may be periodic or random, the beach may be plane or barred, and the bed may be concrete or covered with movable natural sand grains. The present model must be efficient and flexible so that it can accommodate iterative computations for time-varying and, hence, arbitrary beach profiles. The nearshore hydrodynamics model consists of wave, surface roller, and nearshore current models. Both wave and surface roller models are based on simple energy balance equations and, based on these models, the nearshore current is determined from two-layer 2DH momentum equations. Coupled with a simple turbulent eddy viscosity model, vertical profiles of mean shear current are analytically obtained. The model accounts for advective interactions between waves, surface rollers, and currents and, coupled with the surface roller model, explain the shoreward shift of the peak longshore current velocity. The model applies a modified version of Madsen’s (1994) wave-current bottom boundary layer model to specify the bottom boundary condition from knowledge of equivalent bottom roughness scaled by a sediment diameter. Introducing the predicted nearshore hydrodynamic characteristics, we extend the conceptual bedload and associated suspended load sediment transport models (Madsen 2001) to the surf zone. The extended sediment transport model accounts for breaking wave effects such as an increase of turbulence due to broken waves and change of the momentum force balances due to breaking waves and surface rollers. The model predicted the peaks of longshore sediment transport observed near the shoreline and the wave breaking point for plunging breakers.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Contract Report

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