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Title: Channel improvement, Fire Island Inlet, New York : hydraulic model investigation
Authors: United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. New York District.
Bobb, William H.
Boland, Robert A.
Keywords: Channel improvements
Navigation channel
Fire Island Inlet
Long Island
New York
Hydraulic models
Littoral drift
Sediment transport
Tidal inlet
Publisher: Hydraulics Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Technical report (U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station) ; H-69-16.
Description: Technical Report
Abstract: Fire Island Inlet, located on the south shore of Long Island, N. Y., connects the Atlantic Ocean with Great South Bay. The inlet is about 3 miles long and approximately 1/2 mile wide, extending generally east and west between Oak Beach on the north and the western end of Fire Island on the south. Great South Bay, to which Fire Island Inlet is the main entrance, is a tidal body 25 miles long and 2 to 5 miles wide with a general depth of about 6 to 25 ft at mlw. Attempts have been made to stabilize an entrance channel through Fire Island Inlet with little success. To study this problem a fixed-bed model (later converted to a movable-bed model) was constructed to scale ratios of 1:500 horizon tally and 1:100 vertically, reproducing all of Fire Island Inlet and a portion of the Atlantic Ocean. Tides, tidal currents, and wave action in the Atlantic Ocean were reproduced. Results indicated that the plan originally recommended by the New York District, which included a littoral drift trap located in the entrance to the inlet, a rehandling basin in the inlet, a connecting channel of adequate depth for navigation by a loaded hopper dredge, and a 500-ft extension to the Federal Jetty, if modified to include a larger rehandling basin but without extension of the Federal Jetty, would meet all requirements for a combination scheme to stabilize the entrance channel and permit bypassing sand to downdrift beaches by means of conventional dredging plant. The construction of groins, deflection dikes, and closure dikes would not appreciably improve conditions obtained by the recommended plan alone. A plan involving an offshore breakwater and a littoral drift trap located between the breakwater and the beach would also function satisfactorily in every respect. NOTE: This file is large. Allow your browser several minutes to download the file.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Technical Report

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