Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/11681/12660
Title: Centrifugal model analysis of coal waste embankment stability
Authors: United States. Bureau of Mines.
Spokane Mining Research Center.
Townsend, Frank C.
Goodings, Deborah J.
Schofield, A. N. (Andrew Noel), 1930-
Al-Hussaini, Mosaid M.
Keywords: Centrifugal models
Seepage
Coal mines
Coal waste
Shear strength
Embankments
Erosion
Failure
Stability
Publisher: Geotechnical Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Technical report (U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station) ; GL-79-18.
Description: Technical Report
Abstract: Centrifugal model embankments with varying geometries and materials were constructed of coal waste material, accelerated from 100 to 120 times earth' s gravity, and subjected to various throughflow rates until failure occurred. Complementary laboratory tests were performed on the waste materials to obtain strength and permeability parameters for analytical calculations to predict observed centrifugal model behavior. Failures in the form of deep-seated failure, or erosion and sediment transport or a combination of both, occurred in model embankments with 1V : 1-1/2H and 1V : 2H slopes when the phreatic surface due to seepage exited on the downstream slope. Positive seepage control, i.e., a toe drain successfully prevented sloughing and failures. Slope stability analyses agreed well, albeit conservatively, with observed model performance. Factors of safety ranged from 0.7 to 1.02 at the instant of failure for models with retrogressing slips as compared with 1.05 to 1.7 for stable embankments. These models verified existing criteria of a minimum safety factor of 1.3 and the necessity of positive seepage control.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11681/12660
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