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|Title:||Geomorphological analysis of North Fork, Toutle River, Washington: 1980-1984|
|Authors:||United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. Portland District.|
United States Military Academy.
Pearson, Monte L.
Mount Saint Helens, Washington
Mount Saint Helens eruption, 1980
Toutle River, Washington
|Publisher:||Geotechnical Laboratory (U.S.)|
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
|Series/Report no.:||Technical report (U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station) ; GL-94-7.|
Abstract: The 18 May 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens, emplaced between 3-3.5 billion cubic yards (bcy) of poorly sorted material ranging from silt to boulders, extending from river mile (RM) 25 to RM 38 in the upper North Fork Toutle River drainage. Sediment yields from the debris avalanche were calculated for four water years, 1980- 1983. During 1980, the North Fork Toutle River reestablished a main channel from RM's 20 to 27, yielding 15 million cubic yards (mcy). In 1981 the channel network lengthened by head cutting, and the network was further integrated to pond and lake breaches on the debris avalanche. Channel length and width increased with winter storms. Within the channel area, braiding and incision were the major processes which yielded 31.5 mcy of sediment. Channel widening. associated with braiding, incision, and bank failure, was the dominant geomorphic processes. A total of 99.4 mcy of sediment was calculated to have been derived from the debris avalanche between 19 May 1980 and September 1983.
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