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|Title:||Archaeological geophysics investigation of the Wright Brothers 1910 Hangar Site : Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio|
|Authors:||Construction Engineering Research Laboratory (U.S.)|
Butler, Dwain K.
Simms, Janet E.
Cook, Daryl S.
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio
|Publisher:||Geotechnical Laboratory (U.S.)|
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
|Series/Report no.:||Technical report (U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station) ; GL-94-13.|
Abstract: An archaeological geophysics investigation was conducted at the site of the 1910 hangar constructed by the Wright Brothers on Huffman Prairie, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, near Dayton, Ohio. The hangar was destroyed as part of base renovation during the buildup to World War II, and its exact location is unknown. The purpose of the investigation is to confirm the exact location of the hangar and to locate any buried artifacts from the Wright Brothers occupation of the site. Ground penetrating radar (GPR), electromagnetic, and magnetic surveys were conducted over a 68- by 100-m area that is approximately centered on the suspected location of the hangar. Localized anomalies as well as areal anomalies are identified in the geophysical data. Rectangular anomalous areas are identified that are generally consisted with the suspected location of the hangar. A 1924 aerial photograph showing the hangar was digitally scanned and georeferenced to the site survey area. While two of the rectangular geophysical anomalous areas are consistent with the hangar location from the aerial photograph location, a rectangular area defined from GPR survey data is immediately adjacent to the aerial photograph location. It is postulated that base engineers may have bulldozed the hangar debris onto an area adjacent to its original location and either burned it there or buried it in a trench. A prioritized exploratory program is proposed for investigating the sources of the geophysical anomalies.
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