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Title: Creep and strength of frozen soil under triaxial compression
Authors: Fish, Anatoly M.
Keywords: Creep
Frozen soils
Frozen ground
Soil testing
Soil tests
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Special report (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)) ; 94-32.
Description: Special Report
Abstract: A combined creep and strength model has been developed for the entire (primary, secondary and tertiary) creep and the long-term strength of frozen soil under multiaxial stress at both constant stresses and constant strain rates by a single (unified) constitutive equation. Secondary creep is assumed to be an inflection point of a creep curve defining time to failure. Secondary creep rate is described by a new flow law, the stress function of which includes the first invariant of the stress tensor. The model consists of four principal elements: a constitutive equation, a viscous flow equation and a yield criterion, all united by a time-to-failure function. The yield criterion is selected either in the form of a parabolic (extended) von Mises-Drucker-Prager model or a parabolic (extended) Mohr-Coulomb rupture model. The criteria take into account that, at a certain magnitude of the mean normal stress (σmax), the shear strength of frozen soil reaches a maximum. The yield criteria are included in the time-to-failure function, the shape parameters of which are independent of the loading regime. The model has been verified using test data on creep and the long-term strength of frozen soil under triaxial compression at -10°C.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Special Report

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