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Title: The surface of ice
Authors: United States. Army Research Office
Thayer School of Engineering
Petrenko, Victor F.
Keywords: Ice
Liquid-like layer
Ice surface
Optical ellipsometry
Proton channeling
X-ray diffraction
Ice defects
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Special report (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)) ; 94-22.
Description: Special Report
Abstract: This report examines the structure and physical properties of the surface of ice : a liquid-like layer on the ice surface, its thickness and molecular structure, surface conductivity, surface electric charge, surface potential, surface diffusion and so forth. The author reviews experimental results and theoretical models on ice adhesion, gas adsorption and ice sintering. Special attention is given to the results of studies from the last two decades. Among the experimental techniques under consideration are nuclear magnetic resonance, X-ray diffraction, optical ellipsometry, measurements of ice surface conductivity and dielectric permittivity, frictional electrification of snow and ice, proton channeling and others. Inconclusion, the theoretical models of the ice surface structure and the results on molecular dynamics are considered.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Special Report

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