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Title: Ice forces on flat, vertical indentors pushed through floating ice sheets
Authors: University of Alaska Fairbanks. Arctic Engineering Program.
Nakazawa, Naoki.
Sodhi, D. S.
Keywords: Acoustic emissions
Effective pressure
Freshwater ice
Ice forces
Laboratory tests
Sea ice
Ice sheets
Ice mechanics
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Special report (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)) ; 90-14.
Description: Special Report
Abstract: Structures placed in an ice environment should be able to withstand the ice forces that are produced by the motion of a floating ice sheet. To observe the crushing failure of ice and to characterize the magnitude and nature of ice forces, an experimental study was conducted by pushing vertical, flat indentors through floating ice sheets made up of freshwater, columnar ice. Depending on the velocity of the indentor, ductile or brittle behavior of ice was observed. Microcracks and macrocracks were observed during the tests. The energy used to produce the maximum ice force was found to be approximately the same for different indentor velocities. The positions of the resultant forces were found to be in the center of the contact area. The area of the ice damaged by the first peak loading of the identor was about the same, even when the indentor velocities were different. Acoustic emission signals were measured during indentation experiments, and these were found to correlate with the ice force that produces strain and microcracking in the ice.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Special Report

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