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Title: Ground freezing effects on soil erosion of army training lands. Part 1, Initial test results
Authors: Gatto, Lawrence W.
Keywords: Cross-sectional geometry
Tire ruts
Hydraulic radius
Soil erosion
Frozen ground
Freezing effects
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Special report (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)) ; 97-15.
Description: Special Report
Abstract: Military maneuvers damage vegetation and compact and rut soils on training lands, thereby increasing the likelihood of hillslope runoff and soil erosion. Soil Freeze–Thaw (FT) processes can change the hydraulic geometry and roughness of vehicular ruts and reduce soil compaction, which often partially restores the water infiltration rate that existed before compaction. The efficiency of these FT-induced “repairs” depends on soil water content and FT intensity. Initial tests showed that 1) an experimental soil bin designed and constructed for rut experiments allows acceptable simulation of field soil FT, and 2) the hydraulic geometry of a rectangular rill in a fine silt soil with an initial volumetric water content of 36% changes dramatically due to rill sideslope slumping during thaw. Future experiments will compare differences in the response of natural rills and vehicular ruts to FT-induced soil failure, and investigate the effects of FT on soil erodibility and the influences of snow cover on soil erosion processes in the spring.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Special Report

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