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|Title:||Development of a membrane for in-situ optical detection of TNT|
|Authors:||University of New Hampshire. Dept. of Chemistry.|
U.S. Army Toxic and Hazardous Materials Agency.
Seitz, W. Rudolf
Sundberg, Donald C.
|Publisher:||Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)|
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
|Series/Report no.:||Special report (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)) ; 88-24.|
Abstract: A membrane has been developed for in-situ determination of polynitroaromatic hydrocarbons in groundwater at levels as low as 10 ng/mL. A typical membrane is prepared by dissolving the following in tetrahydrofuran: 0.5 g poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC), 0.2 mL dioctyl phthalate to serve as a plasticizer and 0.12 mL Jeffamine T403, a polyoxyethyleneamine that also acts as a plasticizer, as well as reacting with polynitroaromatic hydrocarbons to produce a colored product. The membrane is formed by casting the solution into a glass Petri dish with a diameter of 8 cm and allowing the solvent to slowly evaporate. Trace amounts of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene (TNB), 2,4,5-trinitrotoluene (2,4,5-TNT), and methyl-2,4,6-trinitrophenyl nitramine (tetryl) react with the membrane to produce a visually observable reddish brown color. No pretreatment of water samples is required. Recoveries of 0.1 to 4.0 ppm TNT from spiked groundwater ranged from 95% to 105%. Direct analysis of water samples agreed with HPLC results.
|Rights:||Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.|
|Appears in Collections:||Special Report|
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