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Title: Exploratory analysis of vapor impurities from TNT, RDX, and composition B
Authors: U.S. Army Mobility Equipment Research and Development Center.
O'Reilly, William F.
Jenkins, Thomas F.
Leggett, Daniel C.
Barrierra, R.
Murrmann, R. P.
Keywords: Composition B
Gas chromatography
Gas detectors
Trace gas detection
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Special report (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)) ; 194.
Description: Special Report
Abstract: Vapors collected from TNT, RDX and composition B explosives maintained at 25°C and 70°C were analyzed using a gas chromatographic/mass spectrometric technique to identify the most prominent vapor components. A gas chromatograph equipped with electron capture and flame ionization detectors also was used to screen vapors for components present at concentrations below the sensitivity of the GC/MS. Cyclohexanone which could have significance in development of an explosive or mine detector was identified in vapors from RDX and composition B. Water vapor, carbon dioxide, probably nitrous oxide and a number of unidentified compounds were evolved from all samples. It may be possible to identify these unknown compounds present at trace levels, but extreme analytical care and precaution to avoid contamination would be required. In this regard, differentiation between compounds which are incorporated into the explosive matrix during manufacturing and those which are adsorbed from air by the explosive at a later time is also required.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Special Report

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