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Title: Energy requirements for small flow wastewater treatment systems
Authors: Middlebrooks and Associates.
Middlebrooks, E. Joe.
Middlebrooks, C. H. (Charlotte H.)
Keywords: Energy requirements
Land application
Unit operations
Unit processes
Wastewater treatment
Water treatment
Water pollution
Waste disposal
Cost analyis
Publisher: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Special report (Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)) ; 79-7.
Description: Special Report
Abstract: This report summarizes energy requirements for small wastewater treatment systems (0.05 - 5 million gallons per day) applicable to military installations. It compares various treatment combinations, and presents the energy requirement for the most viable alternatives in tabular form. It also presents energy requirements for various components of wastewater treatment systems in a format making it convenient to calculate the energy requirements for many combinations of the components. In addition, it summarizes briefly energy estimates made by others. The report compares typical combinations of unit operations and processes used to produce various quality effluents on the basis of energy consumption. It concludes that land application systems are the most energy-efficient wastewater treatment systems and that they are capable of producing an equivalent or higher quality effluent than any other treatment system.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Special Report

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