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Title: Analysis of heat-activated explosions in storage of HD 1.2 munitions
Authors: Computer Sciences Corporation.
IIT Research Institute.
United States. Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition (Research and Advanced Technology)
Carnes, Benny L.
Furey, John S.
Fields, Morris P.
Keywords: Accidental explosions
Ammunition fires
Explosion hazards
HD 1.2 munitions
Ammunition storage
Computer simulation
Publisher: Structures Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: SSES report ; no. 1.
Description: Technical Report
Abstract: Several techniques for the analysis of heat-activated explosions of munitions are introduced to identify the significant parameters that control the resulting hazardous effects. These parameters are used in computer simulations to predict the rates of explosions of Hazard Division (HD) 1.2 munitions involved in storage facility fires. Data from bonfire tests of typical HD 1.2 munitions are analyzed and compared to "cook-off' tests of small arms rounds (also classed as HD 1.2). A comparison of measured and predicted explosion rates reveals that simulations can be used for reliable prediction of munition detonations. A computer simulation program, developed as part of this study, enables users to predict the explosion rates of HD 1.2 munitions in various quantities and combinations of storage conditions. Modules for prediction of explosion effects, such as airblast pressures/impulses and fragment hazards; can be incorporated to enhance the products of the calculations. As future tests are conducted, additional data can also be added to improve the statistical accuracy of the predictions.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Technical Report

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