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Title: Evaluation of rapid-setting concretes for airfield spall repair
Authors: Air Force Engineering and Services Center (U.S.)
Wakeley, Lillian D.
Husbands, Tony B.
White, Charles L., 1920-
Keywords: Airfield
Airfield pavements
Blended cement
Magnesium phosphate cement
Methyl methacrylate
Rapid runway repair
Rapid-setting materials
Spall repair
Concrete additives
Publisher: Structures Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Technical report (U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station) ; SL-91-4.
Description: Technical Report
Abstract: Three commercially available, off-the-shelf, rapid-setting materials were evaluated for their potential as spall-repair concretes for Rapid Runway Repair (RRR). The three were a methyl methacrylate binder (Silikal R17AF), a magnesium phosphate mortar mix (Set-45), and a high-performance blended cement mortar mix (Pyrament 505). Each was extended 50 percent by mass with coarse aggregate for these tests. Test methods were chosen, or developed as required, to evaluate the performance of these three rapid-setting concretes in cold and wet conditions, as well as at room temperature. None of the materials performed ideally under all conditions. Silikal R17AF gives very high strengths in cold, dry conditions. But it bonds poorly to wet surfaces and loses much of its strength when mixed with wet aggregate. Pyrament 505 gains strength more slowly, especially at temperatures below 20°F, but it bonds consistently well under all conditions tested. The Set-45 product evaluated could not be tested at temperatures below 40°F, due to insufficient strength even for removing specimens from the molds. Compressive strength may not be the most important factor to consider when choosing a spall repair material. Flexural strength, early thermal history, and bond to existing concrete may be more critical for a shallow patch such as a spall repair. Further analyses are recommended for the materials that is least expensive, relatively nontoxic, and appears to be most versatile among these three (Pyrament 505).
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Technical Report

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