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Title: Cementitious mixtures for sealing evaporite and clastic rocks in a radioactive-waste repository
Authors: United States. Department of Energy.
Pennsylvania State University. Materials Research Laboratory.
Battelle Memorial Institute. Office of Nuclear Waste Isolation.
Sandia National Laboratories
Wakeley, Lillian D.
Roy, D. M.
Keywords: Grouting
Evaporite rocks
Radioactive waste disposal
Underground structures
Publisher: Structures Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Miscellaneous paper (U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station) ; SL-85-16.
Description: Miscellaneous Paper
Abstract: Cement-based mixtures were proportioned for sealing a potential geologic repository for high-level radioactive waste in evaporite and related rock strata. The slightly expansive cementitious mixtures were based on Class H portland cement and Class C fly ash, with silica flour and calcium sulfate additives, and a low ratio of water to cementitious solids (w/s = 0. 32). Both a salt-free and a salt-containing version were used in tests with anhydrite, siltstone, and halite. Although it is difficult to achieve strong bonding between anhydrite and cement-based mixtures, tensile bond strengths, interface permeability, and other properties of the composites as a whole indicate achievement of the desired chemical and physical compatibility between these materials. Integrity of bonding and low permeability to water (on the order of 10^-6 darcy) suggest the likelihood of attaining durable sealing of repository access shafts and boreholes through the use of such chemically tailored cementitious mixtures. Rock samples used in these sealing studies were obtained from various areas throughout the United States. The data in the present paper represent results for rocks obtained from the Palo Duro Basin, TX, and, as such, typify bedded-salt strata.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Miscellaneous Paper

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