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Title: Determination of residual stress and effects in thick-section weldments for hydraulic structures
Authors: Ohio State University. Department of Welding Engineering.
Tsai, Chon L.
Kim, Dong S.
Shim, Yong L.
Feng, Zhili.
Lee, Sung.
Jaeger, John J.
Keywords: Finite element modeling
Finite element method
Heat input
Residual stress
Thermal loading
Thermal strain
Residual stresses
Hydraulic structures
Publisher: Information Technology Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Technical report (U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station) ; ITL-92-8.
Description: Technical Report
Abstract: The primary objective of this research was to develop numerical methodology which may be used to predict thermal and residual stress fields created by welding of thick plates and to verify the results experimentally. A two-dimensional thermomechanical finite element model was developed and is described in this report. Methods for modeling heat input of welding considering arc movement and number of weld passes were developed. The methods which were developed are referred to as ramp heat input and lumping. Five experiments were carried out using 1/2-in. and 1-in. steel plates with various weld geometries including single-bevel, single-V and double-V groove welds. This report describes experimental techniques which were used to measure temperature and residual stress. Experimental results are compared with analytical predictions. The finite element model developed by this research can be used to predict thermal and residual stress fields which are created during welding of thick plates.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Technical Report

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