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|Title:||Sea-Land navigation studies : hydraulic model investigation|
|Authors:||Port of New York Authority.|
Sea-Land Services, Inc.
Bobb, William H.
Kill Van Kull
|Publisher:||Hydraulics Laboratory (U.S.)|
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
|Series/Report no.:||Miscellaneous paper (U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station) ; H-72-9.|
Abstract: A fixed-bed undistorted-scale model of a portion of Newark Bay, Kill Van Kull, and Arthur Kill and a remotely controlled model of Sea-Land's new SL-7 containership were constructed to a scale of 1:100 and used to determine the adequacy of proposed dredging to provide docking and maneuvering areas and to familiarize prospective captains and pilots with the handling characteristics of the new type ship. The Sea-Land model was equipped to reproduce steady state flows in flood or ebb directions and an erratic wind field from three directions. The SL-7 model was equipped with a remotely controlled rudder, individually powered twin screws, and four individually controlled tug simulators. Verification data for the Sea-Land model were obtained from the existing comprehensive New York Harbor model, and the comprehensive model was also used for qualitative shoaling and hydraulic tests of several proposed improvements. Many ship captains and pilots visited the Sea-Land model during the study for training and practice in maneuvering the SL-7. The suggested channel widenings and maneuvering areas are all considered to be minimal and necessary for the safe passage of the SL-7 to and from port. The SL-7 requires the major portion of the channel in Kill Van Kull and all of it in Newark Bay, particularly when rounding Bergen Point, passing through the C.R.R. of N.J. bridge span, and maneuvering to the Sea-Land wharf. The addition of the wind field greatly increased the difficulties in rounding Bergen Point, passing through the bridge span, and approaching the Sea-Land wharf. Results of tests in the New York Harbor model indicate that shoaling in presently maintained areas south of the bridge will be reduced when the maneuvering area is dredged, but shoaling in the maneuvering area and adjacent channel areas will be greatly increased. None of the plans tested had any significant effect on hydraulic conditions in the problem areas.
|Rights:||Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.|
|Appears in Collections:||Miscellaneous Paper|
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|MP-H-72-9.pdf||7.46 MB||Adobe PDF|