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|Laboratory characterization of type N mortar
|Williams, Erin M.
Akers, Stephen A.
Reed, Paul A.
|Mechanical properties Material properties Material characterization Mortar Type N mortar Compression tests Extension tests
|Geotechnical and Structures Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
|ERDC/GSL TR ; 09-5.
Abstract: Personnel of the Geotechnical and Structures Laboratory, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, conducted a laboratory investigation to characterize the strength and constitutive property behavior of type N mortar. A total of 45 mechanical property tests were successfully completed: two hydrostatic compression tests, four unconfined compression (UC) tests, 18 triaxial compression (TXC) tests, four direct pull (DP) tests, six reduced triaxial extension (RTE) tests, two uniaxial strain (UX) tests, four uniaxial strain load/biaxial strain unload (UX/BX) tests, and five uniaxial strain load/constant volume strain loading (UX/CV) tests. ln addition to the mechanical property tests, nondestructive pulse-velocity measurements were obtained on each specimen. The TXC tests exhibited a continuous increase in maximum principal stress difference with increasing confining pressure. A compression failure surface was developed from the TXC test results at nine levels of confining pressure and from the results of the UC tests. The results for the DP and RTE tests were used to determine the tensile strength of type N mortar and develop an extension failure surface. Type N mortar can withstand more deviatoric stress in compression than extension before failure occurs. During UX/BX tests, the test specimens recovered approximately one third of their peak compressive volumetric strain. During most of the CV loading, the stress path followed closely to the failure surface developed from the TXC tests, therefore validating the compression failure surface.
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