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Title: Analytical and data processing techniques for interpretation of geophysical survey data with special application to cavity detection
Authors: Butler, Dwain K.
Gangi, Anthony F.
Wahl, Ronald E.
Yule, Donald E.
Barnes, Donald E.
Keywords: Cavity detection
Resistivity surveys
Geophysical data interpretation
Seismic surveys
Geophysical data processing
Geophysical surveys
Gravimetric surveys
Computer programs
Publisher: Geotechnical Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Miscellaneous paper (U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station) ; no. GL-82-16.
Description: Miscellaneous Paper
Abstract: Presented are results of an effort directed toward the improvement of geophysical data acquisition, processing, and interpretation. Much of the discussion centers around the adaptation of existing or the development of new computer programs and their methodologies for pr ocessing and interpreting data acquired from electrical resistivity, microgravity, and seismic methods. Three programs for processing and interpreting electrical resistivity are discussed : (1.) RESDIR computes the apparent resistivity as a function of electrode spacing for a given model of vertical subsurface resistivity variations; (2.) RESINV calculates the model of vertical subsurface resistivity variation given the apparent resistivities acquired in the field; and (3.) RESDAT is a general purpose resistivity program which handles data acquired from horizontal profiling and vertical sounding surveys. Three programs used in conjunction with microgravity surveys are documented : (1.) TIDES computes the theoretical variation in gravity caused by earth tides at any location; (2.) TALGRAD calculates gravity and gravity-gradient profiles across two-dimensional subsurface models; and (3.) HILBERT computes the Hilbert transform which is used to determine the vertical velocity gradient. Two gravity methodologies presented describe : (A.) a technique which reduces errors in microgravity surveying through use of optimal gravity station schemes, and (B.) the use of polynomial surface fitting for determination of the required field component from a set of data. Several computer programs for processing and interpretation of seismic refraction and crosshole survey data are documented. Four programs which digitize, process, and interpret analog seismic records are presented. These programs expedite the processing of this type of data. In addition, REFRDIR and REFRINV were developed to aid in data interpretation of refraction data. Changes which made an existing computer program, CROSSHOLE, an interactive time-sharing program are documented. Recommendations are made toward achievement of higher goals aimed at automatic data processing and interpretation of geophysical data. NOTE: This file is large. Allow your browser several minutes to download the file.
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