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Title: Seismic design of gravity retaining walls
Authors: Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Civil Engineering.
Whitman, Robert V., 1928-2012
Liao, Samson.
Keywords: Retaining walls
Richards-Elms retaining wall design method
Publisher: Geotechnical Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)
Series/Report no.: Miscellaneous paper (U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station) ; GL-85-1.
Description: Miscellaneous Paper
Abstract: The report discusses the seismic design of gravity walls retaining granular backfill without pore water. The general features of behavior are illustrated by field experiences, results from laboratory model tests and from theoretical analyses. Both the conventional method of design and the Richards-Elms method, based upon an analogy to a sliding block, are reviewed. A shortcoming of the sliding block analogy is discussed, and corrections obtained using a two-block model are presented. Several sources of uncertainty are examined in detail : the random nature of ground motions, uncertainty in resistance parameters, and model errors, including the important influence of deformability in the backfill. All of these results are then combined to devel op a probabilistic method for predicting seismically induced displacements of walls and an improved version of the Richards-Elms method of design. The risk that walls designed by the conventional method might experience excessive displacements is analyzed.
Rights: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Appears in Collections:Miscellaneous Paper

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