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The water balance in arctic and subarctic regions : annotated bibliography and preliminary assessment

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Dingman, S. L.

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Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)



Special Report
Abstract: The hydrological cycle plays a central role in geobiological and near-surface geological processes and in the energy balance of the earth. It is of crucial importance to many vital practical problems relative to man and his environment. This is especially true in arctic and subarctic regions, where knowledge of hydrologic processes is particularly limited. The introductory section of this report discusses the global hydrologic cycle and summarizes current estimates of the quantities of water involved in various portions of it. Following this, the definitions and boundaries of the arctic and subarctic are reviewed; a map showing these boundaries and annotations of a number of publications dealing with this problem are also presented. The main part of the report gives several hundred annotations of reports that directly discuss elements of the water balance in arctic and subarctic regions. These annotations are grouped by geographic area: the Northern Hemisphere, Europe, the U.S.S.R., Alaska, Canada, and Greenland and Iceland. For each area, annotations are presented according to water-balance elements: precipitation, evapotranspiration, runoff, streamflow, groundwater contributions to runoff, and changes in glacial storage. A subsequent section gives annotations of articles on the water balance of the Arctic Ocean. This is followed by a brief assessment of the state of knowledge on the water-balance elements in each geographic region. Finally, there is a bibliography of the 295 publications referred to in previous sections. This bibliography is intended to be complete for the period 1950-1971 (some earlier articles are included), especially for articles published in English. A large number of items from the Russian and European literature are included, but the bibliography is probably less complete for these. A total of 688 annotations are included; many articles are annotated in more than one section, as they include information on more than one water-balance element or more than one geographic area.


Arctic regions, Cold regions, Evapotranspiration, Glaciers, Ground water, Hydrology, Hydrologic cycle, Precipitation (meteorology), Runoff, Stream flow, Water balance, Bibliography



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